Awadhi (अवधी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Awadh region of Uttar-Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal. It is language spoken about 38 million people in these area and also in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi, and Mauritius. It is closely related to Hindi. It is considered by many as an Eastern dialect of Hindi. In the family of Indo – Aryan languages, Awadhi is highly popular amongst the Indians. It is also similar to Bhojpuri, Magahi, Maithili, and Nepali language. It is also known as Abadhi, Abadi, Abohi, Ambodhi, Avadhi, Baiswari, Kojali and Kosali.
In the Nepalese context, Awadhi language is mostly spoken in Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi, Dang, Banke, Bardiya, and Kanchanpur district of southern-western part of the country.
It is spoken primarily in the Oudh region of Uttar Pradesh, As per the recent survey, there were 20 million. While in the perspective of the whole of the Indian subcontinent, it is estimated as 20 million, 32 billion.
The origin of Awadhi can be traced down from the most ancient language of the Indian subcontinent, namely, Brij Bhasa. Magahi, a famous language of the eastern provinces, also molds Awadhi.
According to the experts, Awadhi has gained the recognition as the ‘father of modern Hindi’ , Khadi boli is the father. The reason is interesting. Hindvi as Hindi was previously known as, had its origin in the Lucknow. In fact, eminent scholars like Amir Khusrau, widely famous as the founder of modern ‘Hindi’, popularized it after their migration from Delhi and its suburbs. Truly Awadhi has left an indelible impact on the growth of Hindi language. Awadhi literature is also no less significant. An important epic literature to has been written. Literautes like Tulsidas, Malik Mohammad Jaisi had penned down masterpieces like Raamcharitmaanas, the Padmawat respectively.